Culture

The History of Spanish Gypsies—The Romani and Gitanos in Spain

The history of Spanish Gypsies is more complicated than one of traveling beggars—they were an essential part of the development of modern Spanish culture..

When Did the Gypsies Arrive in Spain?
As the tight-knit family groups wandered, they came to Spain. Like all the travelers before, some came across the Pyrenees and others across the Mediterranean.

The earliest known document relating to Gypsies in Europe dates from January 12, 1425. Alfonso V of Aragon issued a safe-conduct through his kingdom, which extended from the Pyrenees south to Valencia, encompassing northeastern Spain.

The safe-conduct was issued to “Sir John from Little Egypt,” though of course, he wasn’t from Egypt at all. The pass included his band, and it was good for three months. But they weren’t the last band to be welcomed into Spain.

For the next several decades, records show that various bands of Gitanos were welcomed into Spain and received safe-conduct. By the 1470s, new waves came from the Mediterranean. These groups called themselves Greeks and claimed they were fleeing from the Muslim Turks, seeking sanctuary in Christian Spain

 

Link: https://www.thegreatcoursesdaily.com/history-of-spanish-gypsies-romani-gitanos

 

Herdelezi

"Herdelezi"  si popularno tradicionalno folk gili e Romenge taro Balkani.

I gili reslja o anav prekal o anglonilaeskoro festivalo so utsavalkerel pe o iraniba e anglonilaeske , a majbut kerena le o Roma taro Balkani , ki Turkia thaj aver thana an i lumia.

O Herdelezi si romano anav bašo bugarsko, makedonikano thaj srpsko barodive. Kerel pe taro 6 maj prekal o purano stili jali 23 aprilo prekal nevo formati jali paše 40 divesa palo anglonilaeskoro jekvaš o majbaro dive.

O diferentno vokabulari e anaveske Herdeljez, Erdelezi si variante taro khorano anav Hıdırellez,baro dive so notirinel o starto taro anglonilaj.

I pendžarutni versia e giljake sine thaj light motivo a kultno filmeske "Dom za Vešanje" taro Emir Kusturica kote so giljavelala i Vaska Jankovska.

I gili arakhel pe thaj an o albumi "Čiribiribela" e grupake Bjelo Dugme anavkerdi sar Đurđevdan . O Goran Bregovič o teksti hramosargja le an i srpsko hrvtasko čhib.


O teksti ki romani čhib si:

Sa me amala oro khelena
Oro khelena, dive kerena
Sa o Roma daje
Sa o Roma babo babo
Sa o Roma o daje
Sa o Roma babo babo
Ederlezi, Ederlezi
Sa o Roma daje
Sa o Roma babo, e bakren chinen
A me, chorro, dural beshava
Romano dive, amaro dive
Amaro dive, Ederlezi
E devado babo, amenge bakro
Sa o Roma babo, e bakren chinen
Sa o Roma babo babo
Sa o Roma o daje
Sa o Roma babo babo
Ederlezi, Ederlezi
Sa o Roma daje

Link: https://mk.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%95%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%B8

Was Charlie Chaplin a Gypsy?

Newly discovered letters written to Charlie Chaplin suggest he may have been born into a Gypsy community in the West Midlands
In a bomb-proof concrete vault beneath one of the more moneyed stretches of Switzerland lies something better than bullion. Here, behind blast doors and security screens, are stored the remains of one of the greatest figures of the 20th century.

You might wonder what more there is to know about Charles Spencer Chaplin. Born in London in 1889; survivor of a tough workhouse childhood; the embodiment of screen comedy; fugitive from J Edgar Hoover; the presiding genius of The Kid and The Gold Rush and The Great Dictator.

His signature character, the Little Tramp, was once so fiercely present in the global consciousness that commentators studied its effects like a branch of epidemiology. In 1915, "Chaplinitis" was identified as a global affliction.

On 12 November 1916, a bizarre outbreak of mass hysteria produced 800 simultaneous sightings of Chaplin across America.

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/feb/17/charlie-chaplin-gypsy-heritage

13th Festival of Tolerance comes to a successful end

The screening of the film Erased, a Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian co-production, concluded the 13th Festival of Tolerance. The audience gave a particularly warm welcome to the film’s leading actress Judita Franković Brdar and the rest of the cast and crew, who introduced themselves to the audience after the screening.

This award-winning film discusses the issue of “erased” citizens in Slovenia during the 1990s, when citizens of non-Slovenian origin were stripped of their civil rights. The main character is a woman fighting for her rights, a recurring theme in many other films screened as part of this year’s program dedicated to respecting diversity, equality and justice.

Over seven days, the Festival showed 78 feature, documentary and children’s films, which for the most part cannot be seen in regular cinema distribution. The discussions organized as part of the Tolerance Talk program were also well received, having gathered big audiences to discussions on important social issues.

Attention was also garnered by two socially engaged exhibitions set up in public spaces of the City of Zagreb. In the remaining program, the Educational Mornings were received particularly well, having given elementary and secondary school students as well as Police Academy cadets the chance to learn about the Holocaust at a lecture given by Holocaust survivor Vesna Domani Hardy and a lecture dedicated to the Majdanek Museum.

Link: https://festivaloftolerance.com/zagreb/uspjesno-zavrsen-13-festival-tolerancije-galerija/2511

 

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