Education

The academic title - taboo among Roma women

Girls and women from the Roma ethnic community from the state received favorable conditions for education and participation in the labor market. But for now, the figures show the opposite. The number of Roma women with secondary education has increased, but the faculty still seems to be a "taboo" in the Roma community. However, the situation is not so black as it was several decades ago, when in relation to education Roma women were synonymous with illiteracy.

What is the reason why the small number of graduated Roma women in the last few years, when the state awards more than 100 student scholarships in one academic year with the goal of integrating Roma into the society through education.

According to the State Statistical Office data, at the end of the school year 2016/2017, there were 9,328 Roma students in primary schools throughout the country, of which almost half or 4,548 girls. It is striking that when it comes to continuing education. The Roma face the autostomy that they do not need anything more than "eight or nine departments".
Only 1,409 Roma students continued their secondary education in the same school year, of which only 622 girls. In the same school year, 305 Roma received a diploma for secondary education, of which 125 girls.

It is evident that Roma are the most numerous in primary education, and for secondary school they have begun to decide in the last decade motivated by state scholarships, which represent a great financial motive. And when we come to the faculty, he is a "luxury" among the Roma. In addition to this is the fact that in 2017 only 11 young Roma and 19 Roma boys graduated.

According to the SSO, a total of 82 Roma were enrolled in the last school year 2017/2018, and the greatest interest was for the Faculty of Philosophy and Medicine.
 According to the Annual Report on Public Sector Employees, published by the Ministry of Information Society and Administration, in 2017, 1,270 were employed in the public sector, or 1,14% were Roma.

For the peaceful and harmonious development of society, it is necessary to respect the ethnic identity and interests of all citizens, and in this direction also the Roma. Every literate and, to a greater extent, an academic citizen of a Roma community is in favor of the society, which in turn should be committed to seizing the capacities of the educated and capable individuals by directing as much as possible a more productive collective.

Alice Shajn - Graduation broke prejudisce

That life depends not only on the circumstances, but also on the strong desire to defy the destiny, the astute example is Alice Shajn (24) from Vrsac. She is one of the two Roma with a university degree in this city, despite the cruel childhood managed to get out of the magic circle where most of the Roma community is located and become a successful woman.

He found salvation in education. She grew up in a custodial family, where her eight-year-old parents lost her parents, and then her brother. For the sake of truth, there was always no complete support, but persistence paid off.

- Relatives where I lived first thought that I should complete only primary education. But I did not think so, and so I asked me to transfer me to a food family. From that family, I had the support and I ended up with an excellent success at the secondary Chemistry and Medical School, and then the High School for Romani and Serbian Language.

In the meantime, he was employed in the city administration as a coordinator for Roma issues. It also directs her mission and example to future generations of Roma. She is also at the Faculty of Business Studies, where she is still on the first year of studies due to her working and maternity duties. It plans to reactivate from September, and to enroll specialist studies.

She is also the winner of the "Woman's Symbol of Commitment" award, which was given by two local journalists there. He wants to write and has published songs in the book "Literary Paths"

Ilias Bajram - The first Roma in the world to publish a book in the field of astrophysics and cosmology titled "Universe"

Iliaz Bajram was born in Skopje in 1961. He studied History and Geography. In 1987 he published his first book entitled "Gods are in the Form of Men".

This year he released his second book entitled "Universe" in the field of Astrophysics and Cosmology.

He has previously participated in several collections of poetry. He is also a member of "Research Fellow for Archeology, Astronautics and SETI-Europe -" Forschunggeselschat für Archäologie, Astronautik und SETI-Europa, as well as a member of Archeology, Astronautics and SETI - Research Association - USA - Research Association and Archonologie - USA. Lives and works in Germany

The book has 15 chapters and the author describes the general and special theory of Albert Einstein's relativity as well as the Quantum Mechanics that contributed to the emergence of a new theory known as Super String Theory.

The book covers the development and operation of the Universe - space and time - light speed - temporal dilation - fundamental forces and antidotes - different dimensions - Relativity Theory - quarks - entropy - crab spider - cosmopolitan - cosmopolitan - cosmic black holes - extra dimensions and other themes.

This is proof that there are Roma working in this field as well as the author Bajram himself mentioned that he wants to send a message and motivation to the young generation to work in this field.

Idriz Durmish: Never give up and follow your dream, the harder the road is full of obstacles, the greater your success

Idriz Durmish is a student from Skopje, a Roma who studies molecular biology at the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, with an average of 9.8 and dreams of helping humanity in the battle against cancer, one of the deadliest diseases in the modern world.
In an interview with The Roma Times he shared his views.

Roma Times: When was the love for molecular biology born?

Idriz Durmish: Nature and living organisms have interested me since I was young. I was interested in how and where living organisms come from, where they are built and the like. I fell in love with biology in the fifth grade, while in high school I was intrigued by molecular biology. Molecular biology is a relatively new branch of biology that studies biological processes at the molecular level. It mostly focuses on the nature of the DNA molecule ie. and how this molecule carries and interprets information. New branches of genetics, such as genetic engineering for example, tend to alter the "original" DNA sequence in order to eliminate certain deficiencies (diseases, certain crop characteristics, drug production, etc.).

RT: How are you accepted and how are your capacities viewed by non-Roma?

ID: Honestly, at the beginning I was too scared to be accepted by both professors and students. However, here after 4-5 years, I can freely say that PMF is a faculty where work, knowledge and scientific curiosity are valued, while national, religious and racial affiliation are not important at all.

RT: How much free time do you have and how do you fill it?

ID; While I had lectures (already finished with lectures and tutorials in early June), I didn't have much free time because I was at college all day. We also have theoretical lectures and laboratory exercises. But I still managed to get out on the weekends, socialize, and enjoy myself like any young person. On the other hand, I love movies and books, so I often spend the rest of the day learning a good movie and leaving the books in between sessions. I have 3 more exams, so I will graduate and have more time to read books from different genres.

RT: Do you have an idol and in what area?

ID: I have more idols. In the field of physics and astronomy my favorites are Steven Hawking, Neil deGrasse Tyson and Michio Kaku. Hawking is known for his theory of the so-called. Hawking radiation coming out of the black holes, Neil Tyson is a great scientist who beautifully promotes science and brings it closer to the audience, while Kaku is one of the founders of string theory (string theory). From biologists I must mention Charles Darwin who at a time when DNA and genetics were unknown, Darwin elaborated on the extraordinary theory of evolution, and Richard Dawkins, a famous evolutionist who exclusively rational thought.

RT: Message to your peers and future generations
ID: I would recommend to all my peers and future generations to study what they love, what interests them and what makes them complete. I would also advise them to never give up and pursue their dream and remember that the harder and more difficult the road is, the greater the success.

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