Antigypsyism

Croatia; Roma continue to face a number of difficulties

The Human Rights Bureau has released a report on the human rights situation in Croatia for 2019.
It resulted from year-round monitoring and interviews and surveys conducted by over 50 NGOs. The report gives an overview of the problems, challenges and recommendations for human rights protection that marked 2018.

The Croatian constitution and the law on discrimination protect minorities from discrimination. But in the Ombudsman's regional offices, ethnic discrimination is the most prevalent form that is most targeted at Roma and Serbs in the Republic of Croatia.

"Segregation of the Roma in the education system is always present and is a serious problem in parts of Croatia where there are more Roma," the report said.

Around 20% of the population lives on the threshold of poverty, inequality between urban and rural areas mostly affects marginalized groups.

Although a revision of the Roma National Minority Operational Program is foreseen, and after three years of adoption of the Action Plan, no new strategy has been adopted, nor has the National Strategy been revised.

1-2 August from Roma Holocaust Memorial Day events at Auschwitz Memorial

On the occasion of Roma Holocaust Memorial Day an international conference will be held about how Romani memory is presented in arts and culture - the forms and resources for preserving and interpreting it - as well as how to combat antigypsyism.

The conference will be held on 1 August in Cracow, Poland and is organized by the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, the Documentation and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma, the European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture, and ternYpe, the International Network of Romani Youth.

On 2 August, on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz, the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, the Association of Roma in Poland, and the Auschwitz Museum will hold the annual commemorative ceremony for Roma Holocaust Memorial Day. This year, for the 75th anniversary, eyewitnesses, survivors, their relatives, representatives of governments worldwide, and delegations from various international organizations will attend.

During the night of 2 August and the early morning hours of 3 August 1944, the Nazis murdered almost 2 898 Romani and Sinti people in the gas chambers of the concentration and extermination camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Other Romani people were murdered in the concentration camps in Chełmno, Treblinka, Majdanek, Sobibór and Bełżec.

Still other Romani people whose numbers are difficult to estimate were shot dead and then buried in mass graves in the forest. Romani people from all over Europe mark 2 August as Roma Holocaust Memorial Day.

The day was officially promulgated by the European Parliament in 2015 as “European Roma Holocaust Memorial Day”. It commemorates the 500 000 Roma and Sinti who were murdered in Nazi-occupied Europe.

The Republic of Croatia is required to pay damages to the Roma whose families were killed by the authorities of the then NDH

The European peoples cultivate different historical narratives, have different customs and cultural patterns, and the relation of different prejudices towards the different. But it also unites them: in all European countries, the most discriminated ethnic community is the Roma.

The tragic and sad history of the Roma community in Europe culminated during the Second World War, where parts of the continent were overshadowed by the famous Nazi genocide over the Jews. a thorough ethnic cleansing of the Roma and Sinti population was conducted.

The Croats, and some of them: the Ustashas from the end of 1942 in Jasenovac, were able to eliminate unwanted fellow citizens, and elsewhere they liquidated almost all Roma who lived on the territory of the NDH.
The genocide on the Roma for decades has been hushed up and flowed in recent years by the public could be heard in the Croatian public more about these terrible events.

As part of efforts to save the tragedy of Croatian Roma, recently built at the Institute of Social Sciences, Ivo Pilar and the German foundation Erinnerung, Verantwortung und Zukunft - EVZ published the book "Roma in the Second World War in the IDH 1941.- 1945 ", is conceived as a teacher manual. The book was presented this year's Cliofest, the most important Croatian manifestation for the popularization of historical facts, which was held in Zagreb.

We need to talk about the rising wave of anti-Roma attacks in Europe

The Roma community is Europe’s largest and most persecuted minority. Since the arrival of their nomadic ancestors from the northern Indian subcontinent in the Middle Ages, Romani people have been subjected to intense periods of discrimination, from forced expulsions in the 16th century to Nazi genocide in Second World War.

Throughout Europe, antiziganist (anti-Roma) prejudice has lingered on largely unscathed to this day. But as hate crimes and attacks against the continent’s 10-12 million Romani inhabitants are on the rise, it becomes increasingly vital for us to tackle the issue and openly acknowledge its existence.

Far-right populism is gaining momentum across the west, and, unsurprisingly, it has been accompanied by an upsurge in attacks against Romani people. From France to Hungary, Roma communities and camps have been subjected to violence and threats. 

Only last month, the Council of Europe held a conference in Odessa where heads of Ukrainian, Moldavian and Slovakian police discussed ways to prevent antiziganist attacks. Italy in particular has seen an intense concentration of anti-Roma hate crimes over the last few months, largely perpetrated by a coalition of neo-fascist gangs and angered locals in the Roman suburbs. 


Link: https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/roma-antiziganist-romani-discrimination-italy-matteo-salvini-ukraine-a9024196.html?amp=1

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