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World Bank Research: At 300 meters from the neighbors, the Roma live worse than them

Although living close to other communities, Roma in the Western Balkans have different access to the labor market, education, water supply or electricity, as well as housing conditions, according to a World Bank survey. Roma in Northern Macedonia make up 9.6 percent of the population.

In the Western Balkan countries, even when their neighbors from other communities live at a distance of not more than 300 meters, the Roma have different access to the labor market, education, water supply or electricity, as well as housing conditions. This is shown by a new World Bank research titled "Getting out of the circle of exclusion of Roma in the Western Balkans".

"We suspect that some of the reasons for these differences lie in discrimination, because it is not expected to have such differences when the community lives together. And that's exactly what we discovered - that there is a huge gap between the Roma and the non-Roma population, "says Natalija Mijan, co-author of the research.

Genetic Sequencing Traces Roma people Back to Ancient India Origin

The Roma people - once known as "Gypsies" or Roma - were subject to curiosity and persecution for centuries. Today, some 11 million Roma, with different cultures, languages ​​and lifestyles, live in Europe - and beyond. But where do they come from?

Previous studies in their language and surface analysis of the genetic model point to India as the place of origin of the group and a later influence on Central Asian linguistics. But the new study uses sequencing of the genome to point out the departure of a group of northwestern India about 1,500 years ago, and also revealed a variety of subsequent population changes, as the population spread across Europe.

"Understanding the genetic heritage of Roma is necessary to complete the genetic characterization of Europeans as a whole, with implications for different fields, from human evolution to health sciences," says Manfred Kaiser of Erasmus University in Rotterdam and co-author of the book, in a prepared statement .

To begin the study, a team of European researchers gathered data on about 800,000 genetic variants (polymorphism of a single nucleotide) in 152 Roma from 13 different Roma groups in Europe. The team then compares the Roma sequences with those already known to more than 4,500 Europeans, as well as samples from the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia and the Middle East.

According to the analysis, the initial founding group of Roma probably left from what is now the Punjab state in northwestern India close to 500 AD. Hence, they most likely traveled through Central Asia and the Middle East, but it seems that they interfered only with the locals there. The next door in Europe seems to have been a Balkan area - specifically Bulgaria - from which the Roma began to disperse around 1,100 AD.

However, these trips were not always easy. For example, after the initial group they left India, their number was scattered, with less than half of the population surviving (about 47 percent, according to genetic analysis). And once Roma groups that continue to populate Western Europe leave the Balkan region, they suffered another new elimination, losing about 30 percent of their population. The findings were published on December 6 in the Current Biology.

Link: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/genetic-sequencing-traces-gypsies-back-to-ancient-indian-origin/

There is no ghetto-pension for Macedonian Roma

The court in Berlin ruled that Roma from Serbia and North Macedonia do not have the so-called. ghetto-pension. The verdict is still not valid.

According to historical expertise, during the Nazi occupation in Serbia and Macedonia there were no Roma gems, the court explained its verdict, which will be applied in all similar cases.

According to the court, in order to get an old-age pension, the condition should have been fulfilled - five years of work at the time of the war for which real contributions were paid, or work for which no contributions were paid, but which are considered to have been paid, as is in the case of the work of exiled persons in the ghetto. "Ghetto" in terms of the Ghetto Pensions Law (ZRBG) is a term defined by the elements - separation, concentration and interning of certain ethnic groups.

The court considers that the Roma in Serbia and Macedonia at the time of the Nazi occupation did not live in ghetto, that is, even before the war, the existing poor neighborhoods of the Roma after the start of the Nazi government did not turn into a ghetto in the sense of the law on ghetto pensions.

 

https://www.dw.com/mk/%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%B0-%D0%B3%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BE-%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%98%D0%B0-%D0%B7%D0%B0-%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5-%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B8/a-48825722?maca=maz-rss-maz-pol_njemacka_timemk-26867-xml-mrss

Bravo JP Komunalna, bravo Macedonia!

Bravo JP Komunalna, bravo Macedonia, have expelled from the work "the biggest problem in the country" - the garbage cleaner!

A video of a worker of "Komunalna Higiena" as a trash and instead of a waste bin appeared on the social networks in the weekend, he threw it into the river Vardar.

It was expected that there were numerous reactions, how is not the shame of the man, what is the state in which the trash from the street is thrown in Vardar, it was difficult for him to open the waste bin and the like.

After this, "Communal Hygiene" reacted quickly and informed the media that the garbage was rejected. You read well - HOW!

The man may have sinned, but there was no other sanction, admonition, reduced income in the next 3 or 6 months!
Is this proof that the easiest way to hit the back of the weakest carrie - after the worker!
And for you "the great ones" when you're doing big sums - then nothing to anyone! Is this wrecker the only one in the country who acted wrongly and should have been punished in the most cruel way, left without existence? You could not follow the ass, so you hit the samar?

BRAVO JP - Communal, Macedonia!

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