Social

Report on Social Mapping of Roma - Roma still live on the margins of society

As part of a project funded by the European Union in partnership with the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, EU Thematic Evaluation, Support to Roma Communities and Roma Social Mapping have been carried out, and a report and a guided social presentation have been presented. The mapping of Roma was prepared by the two experts Ms. Mihaela Stoichici Varlan - as team leader and Mr.Muhamed Toci - as a second expert.
The event itself was organized in the premises of the MLSP on 29.07.2019.

The report itself and the presentation highlight the differences in this survey, which provides data on the local level, in Roma communities, which means not only data at national and local level, but also offers data broken down by neighborhoods, neighborhoods for Roma. each of the 14 municipalities where the survey was conducted.

It is notable that the Roma community is still on the margins of society in many segments,

According to the presentation, it is evident that in the majority of Roma neighborhoods in these 14 municipalities throughout the country Roma families live in the majority of buildings with an average of 5 persons in a space of 30 to 50 m2, which adversely affects the health of these families. Many families also face unregulated legalization of those homes.

In the health segment Roma have poorer health status than the general population.
According to basic health indicators, Roma life expectancy is 10 years shorter than the national average; Infant mortality among Roma is 13.1 / 1000 (general population 10.3 / 1000)

In the area of ​​employment, according to the analysis, the employment rate of Roma is very low, almost twice lower than the non-Roma population and there are many Roma involved in the informal economy. For many Roma, the monthly income level is very low, up to 12,000 MKD / month.

The event was attended by about 20 representatives of civil society organizations, representatives of state institutions and others.

"Deutsche Welle": The emigration of Macedonians to Germany is rising

The number of Macedonian citizens who are moving to Germany is increasing again year after year, Deutsche Welle reports, referring to data from the German Bureau of Statistics.

According to the data, in 2018, in this European country, 18,478 Macedonian citizens were asked for happiness, of which 7,812 did not return to their country.

Compared to the previous year, 2017, the net number of those who have remained to work and live in Germany has increased by 30 percent.

Comparing the data, it can be noticed that the record-breaking 2015, when over 24,000 departures from the country were recorded, of which 12,000 have not returned, has not yet been reached, but the number of our citizens resettling in Germany year after year is increasing.

According to Deutsche Welle, German statistics show that the growth in the number of migrants from Macedonia begins in 2011. Then, 5,679 immigrants arrived in the country, but only 495 remained.

The next year, 2012, there is a drastic increase. Of the more than 11,000 immigrants, less than half were left in Germany, or 5.351. The growing trend continued in the coming years.

Link: https://www.dw.com/mk/%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%83%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%9A%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BE-%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5-%D0%B2%D0%BE-%D0%B3%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%98%D0%B0-%D1%81%D0%B5-%D0%B7%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D1%83%D0%B2%D0%B0/a-49604583

From now on at the Tabanovce - Presevo "One-stop-shop" - only one joint control

The concept of common border controls with one stop stop "one stop shop" means simplified procedures that are carried out at a common border crossing point, with a single stop, through which the control of passengers, goods and their vehicles is carried out only in one place.

For passengers and transporters moving from Serbia to Northern Macedonia, the border guard service of Serbia will carry out an outbound control of the state of our country's border crossing Tabanovce, while the control for those traveling in the opposite direction will be carried out by the Macedonian border services the territory of Serbia at the border crossing Presevo

The border crossing Tabanovce is just the beginning of the major changes that we expect in this field at several border crossings, projects with our other neighbors Albania and Kosovo are under way, which will bring enormous benefits to economic operators.

ROOSA: A study on the welfare of Finnish Roma population

The Roma Wellbeing Study ROOSA is a study of the Finnish Roma population. The aim of the study is to improve wellbeing, inclusion, health and functional ability of the Finnish Roma.

The study produces knowledge for the implementation of the Roma policies. The National Institute for Health and Welfare conducted the Roma study as a part of the Nevo Tiija (New Era) project, coordinated by the Diaconia University of Applied Sciences, funded by the European Social Fund.

Finnish Roma is a cultural minority which is an inseparable part of the multicultural Finland. Lack of permanent housing, weak educational and employment opportunities and structural discrimination have affected the position and life of the Finnish Roma until recently.

The Finnish Roma improve their rights, wellbeing and inclusion purposefully through associations and advisory boards.

Roma Wellbeing Study has been planned and conducted in cooperating with the Finnish Roma. They took part in the implementation of the study as participants, as employees and as experts who planned and modified the contents of the study together with the research group. The data was collected in different areas of Finland.

From the total 365 participants 142 were men and 223 were women. The study included a health examination and a structured interview or a questionnaire.

The results showed that the participants had several strengths which promote inclusion in society. These strengths include community support such as substantial economical and psychological help between the next of kin, as well as supporting each other in practical matters.

Another strength was active participation in church and association activities. Key challenges were difficulties in earning livelihood, which may weaken quality of life. On the other hand, the participants of the Roma study were satisfied with their social relationships.

Key challenges in health and wellbeing were difficulties in physical functional ability among women as well as the high prevalence of self-reported chronic diseases and their risk factors.

Both women and men had several negative health behaviors, such as lack of physical exercise and high prevalence of smoking. Experiences of discrimination were also prevalent.

The results of this study can be utilized by professionals in different fields when they encounter Roma persons as their customers. The results enable to identify key strengths and challenges in health and wellbeing.

The Roma are in a vulnerable position until e.g. the rise of their educational level may also be seen in positive trends in the indicators of health and well-being. The challenges identified in this study need to be monitored and the Roma must be taken into account in future social and healthcare reforms, so that the equity of the Roma as well as other minorities will be realized.

The Roma Wellbeing Study has given a good basis to continue this positive development.

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